Kaziranga National Park | Definition, Map & Facts for Exam

Kaziranga National Park

Kaziranga National Park

[Introduction] It is a National Park, Wildlife Sanctuary, Tiger Reserve, UNESCO World Heritage Site, and Important Bird Area (IBA).

  • It was declared as a forest reserve in the year of 1908 and a wildlife sanctuary in 1950.
    It was declared as a tiger reserve in 2006, holding one of the highest density of tigers in the world.
  • Kaziranga was declared as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO for its unique natural environment in 1985.
  • The park has been identified as an Important Bird Area (IBA) by Birdlife International Society as it is home to various species of migrating and inhabitant birds.

[Location] Kaziranga National Park is a public park located in the Golaghat, Karbi Anglong, and Nagaon locale of the province of Assam, India.

[Geography] The Kaziranga is crisscrossed by numerous water bodies including the Brahmaputra river, which forms the northern and eastern boundaries, and Mora Diphlu, which forms the southern boundary. Other notable rivers within the park are the Mora Dhansiri and Diphlu.

  • The Mikir Hills are located outside the southern border of the park.

[Climate] The park experiences three seasons: summer, monsoon, and winter. The winter season (November to February), is mild and dry, summer season (March to May), is hot with high temperatures.

[Vegetation] Kaziranga is home to the vast expanse of tall elephant grass, marshland, and dense tropical moist broadleaf forests.

[Wildlife] It is the host for two-third of the world’s population of endangered Indian one-horned rhinoceros. According to the census held in 2018, the rhino population in Kaziranga National Park is 2,413.

  • The park is also a domicile for large breeding inhabitants of Elephants, wild Asiatic water buffaloes, Swamp Deer, Gaur, Sambar, Wild boar, and Hog deer.
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